What is your experience being a migrant at a young age?
I see it as an opportunity rather than a difficulty, being a migrant woman at such a young age. I had the possibility to grow up from a personality point of view and as well as professionally. There were of course struggles like being far away from my family or time management difficulties coming from working as a researcher, working as a Bocconi Ambassador and studying for exams at the same time. These years have been a great experience for me. I had a great time and I just want to be proud for what I have achieved, rather than think about the difficulties.
What is your study about? Can you tell us more about it?
My study is about mechanisms to lower sex selection abortion, especially through state transfers. I start by analyzing the Balkans, as I know the regions pretty well and then move on to the countries where this problem might be relevant due to the high number of migrants. I study both the consequences and the mechanisms to lower it. There is a need for a possible solution for this phenomenon, not just from inside the family, but also from the state, society, and institutions, especially in countries where private clinics undergo female abortions even if sex selective abortion is legal.
I am working mainly on the economical and social model of the paper. Then it will be up to institutions how to apply it, being this all-inclusive, from the doctors, regional or for the whole country.
Education works as a long-term solution, but this is a delicate problem and there is no time to wait, so a short-term solution is needed as well, and state transfers for mothers to give birth to girls may be an efficient one.
My study is about mechanisms to lower sex selection abortion, especially through state transfers. I start by analyzing the Balkans, as I know the regions pretty well and then move on to the countries where this problem might be relevant due to the high number of migrants.
This project has a very humble aim and it is very important to emancipate our society. Even little contributions from each one of us are of a high value at the end. It’s better one step ahead, than not moving at all. I am very optimistic for this short-term solution.
What is the reason you have chosen this topic?
I came up with the idea for this topic while I was working as a research assistant at Dondena Centre for Research Dynamics, but I was involved in other study projects so I did not have the possibility at that time to undergo the study. It is a very delicate topic and I have heard a lot of times in Albania about cases of abortion just because the family wanted a boy instead of a girl. It literally made me sad. So after I analyzed the main reasons of the issue I decided to do a study not just for the reasons but to try to come up with a solution.
To your opinion what are the factors that may impact on this phenomenon?
Albania has passed from a patriarchal society and traditional family to an open society associated with changes to the family structure. This phenomenon is still present and that is what it attracted me the most to analyze this topic. How is it possible that this dark side behavior keeps on being present? There are reasons behind this issue like the traditions, family structure, organization of society and family, professions, economic situation and not just “I want a boy” mentality.
Since we are not in the EU we go through a lot of bureaucracy and sometimes I joke by saying all Albanians living abroad have excellent legal knowledge and skills, taking into account all the documentation we have to go through!
What is the role of your family on your life? What about the role of your home country?
My family is my number one supporter. We are so close to each other. They are my inspiration. They are always there for me, they motivate me, and they are the ones that taught me how to work hard and how to be optimistic in life. Regarding the role of my home country let’s say that probably it has made me stronger and multi-tasking. Since we are not in the EU we go through a lot of bureaucracy and sometimes I joke by saying all Albanians living abroad have excellent legal knowledge and skills, taking into account all the documentation we have to go through.
What is your ambition for the future?
I would love to keep doing research in family economics, development and macroeconomics. Now I am working in a research project where I included Albania as well and except being a job and a passion, this gives me big satisfaction. You never know what life may bring, but I know for sure, that whatever profession I will be doing I will keep working independently on research.